What is Growth Disorder?
A growth problems in children or growth disorders in children means that a child lacks either below or above the average range of growth for a child’s age, sex, family history, or racial environment or background.
What causes growth disorders problem in a children?
Growth disorders can have many reasons. Reasons usually fall into one of the following groups:
(I) Familial short stature. This means a child’s height is part of his or her family’s pattern of coming into a short height.
(II) Familial tall stature. This means a child’s height is part of his or her family’s pattern of coming into tall height.
(III) Constitutional delay of growth and young development. This means a child to be likely to be shorter than average and to enter a young age later than average while growing at a normal rate. These children usually catch up in time and reach their normal adult height.
(IV) A sickness that affects the whole body (systemic disease). This comprises constant malnutrition, digestive tract diseases, kidney disease, heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, or chronic severe stress.
(V) Endocrine (hormone) diseases. Growth can be affected by some circumstances that disrupt hormones. Growth hormone insufficiency can result from injuries to the pituitary gland or brain. Cushing syndrome can damage height growth and can cause weight gain. Giantism. Children will grow faster than usual if their pituitary gland makes too much growth hormone.
(VI) Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). This means the development of a baby in the uterus is slowed. This can be caused by many reasons, such as smoking during pregnancy or not enough as the care must be there. The baby is born undersized in weight and length than usual.
(VII) Genetic disorders. This comprises Turner syndrome, Down syndrome, and achondroplasia. Turner syndrome is when having too many, too few, or damaged chromosomes affect health problems. It’s an often genetic disorder that occurs only in girls. It causes poor growth.
Risk factors for growth disorders problem in children include:
- Family history
- Systemic disease
- Genetic disorders